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Scottish Fold

Scottish Fold
Scottish Fold
Kätzchen

Originally from Scotland, the Scottish Fold has the unique feature: ears that are folded forward, as a result of a spontaneous genetic mutation - hence their name. Their round body, with soft, thick fur and a rounded head with big, astonished eyes, give this cat the look of a teddy bear.

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Wichtige Informationen

  • Lebenserwartung : zwischen 12 und 15 Jahren
  • Charakter : Anhänglich
  • Felltyp : Kurz
  • Preis eines Scottish Fold : zwischen 400 € und 1000 €

Aussehen vom Scottish Fold

Größe Scottish Fold

Katze Zwischen 30 und 35 cm
Kater Zwischen 30 und 35 cm

They reach adult size at about 10 to 12 months.

Gewicht

Katze zwischen 3 und 5 kg
Kater zwischen 4 und 6 kg

Fellfarbe

black / seal, blue / slate grey, chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, fawn, red, white, tortoiseshell 
All colours are recognised with the exception of amber.

Fellmotiv

Solid / plain, tabby, silver / smoke, plain and white, tabby and white, silver / smoke and white

Felltyp

Short

Augenfarbe

All colours are recognised as long as they are uniform and match the colour and pattern of the coat.

Beschreibung des Aussehens

Medium in size, the Scottish Fold’s body is semi-cobby and rounded with a strong bone structure and powerful musculature, carried by well-muscled legs which are slightly shorter than the length of the body. Their tails are extremely flexible, medium in length, and have a very thick base that tapers towards a rounded end. The head is broad, with rounded contours, a short, wide nose, full cheeks and very full whisker pads. They have large eyes which are spaced out and wide open, giving them a remarkable expressiveness. The ears are small, broad at the base, rounded at the end and bent forward. There is a distinction between two types of fold: the simple fold (ears folded from the middle) and the double fold (ears completely flattened on the head).

Charakter

Anhänglich

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Behind their cuddly looks lies hidden mischief and a very curious nature, with an expression that’s always coaxing their favourite human to come and play with them.

Verspielt

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Behind their cuddly looks lies hidden mischief and a very curious nature, with an expression that’s always coaxing their favourite human to come and play with them.

Ruhe

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They appreciate long periods of calm once they’ve exhausted themselves playing.

Klugheit

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These cats are easy to live with and show a great ability to adapt.

Vorsicht

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Scottish Folds are relatively sociable, you just need to take the time to get to know them and let them come to you.

Unabhängigkeit

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They are very much capable of looking after themselves if they have plenty of stimulating activities at their disposition.

Verhalten vom Scottish Fold

gesprächig

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Their voice isn’t their most developed mode of expression, but they won’t hesitate to use it to get what they want.

sportlich

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In order to use up the energy they accumulate during their long siestas, these felines need to run and unwind with long play sessions, ideally twice a day, whether that be by themselves or with their favourite human.

Ausreißer

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With their curious nature, these are cats that won’t hesitate to explore and extend their living space given the opportunity.

Fressgier

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If these kitties get bored, they are left to compensate for inactivity with a voracious appetite, so it’s important that you offer them plenty of stimulation. Using interactive feeding stations is highly recommended as it will allow them to eat and play at the same time - their two favourite activities!

Geselligkeit

Verträglichkeit mit Katzen

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With the right introduction, living with other feline companions will only go well.

Verträglichkeit mit Hunden

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Living with a dog won’t pose any problems as long as they have been socialised with the canine species while they’re still a kitten. Make sure you have high-up areas so that your cat can take refuge if needed.

Verträglichkeit mit Kindern

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Children will see these cats as the ideal play companion and the perfect little teddy bear to cuddle. Just be careful to ensure you explain to the child that they are not a toy and that their needs and temperament must be respected.

Scottish Fold und ältere Menschen

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Their calm and docile temperament is well adapted for living in a small home with a person who is not very active but can give them some activities to keep them stimulated.

Preis eines Scottish Fold

The average purchase price of a Scottish Fold is between £400 and £1000, with some variation depending on the lineage, breeding, age or even the sex. For your monthly budget, you should allow an average of £25 per month to meet the cat’s needs, ensuring to give them high-quality food and keep them in good health.

Fellpflege vom Scottish Fold

The size and the shape of their little folded ears means they must be regularly cleaned by a vet. Their thick, dual coat also requires a deep brush at least once a week, and daily during moulting periods. It is strongly advised that you habituate your cat to these routines from the earliest possible age to avoid any adverse reactions.

Haarausfall

Their abundant undercoat means they lose a lot more fur during their spring moult.

Ernährung Scottish Fold

It’s important to ensure you give your cat a high-quality diet adapted to their age and weight, and that you control their daily intake according to the energy they use. It’s wise to seek veterinary advice for the addition of chondroprotectors as a dietary supplement, given this breed is susceptible to osteochondrodysplasia.

Gesundheit Scottish Fold

Lebenserwartung

Their life expectancy is about the average for most cats, between 12 and 15 years.

Robustheit

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These cats are relatively sturdy and don’t have any problem withstanding low winter temperatures. However, their extremely thick fur makes them fairly sensitive to heat.

Neigung zu Übergewicht

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Their heavy layer of fur can easily hide a little chubbiness, so be sure to keep an eye on their weight, regulate their food intake and offer them activities to ensure they use up all their energy.

Häufige Krankheiten

  • Osteochondrodysplasia: a disorder arising from endochondral ossification disorders, leading to osteoarticular malformations, particularly affecting the distal limbs and tail, causing stiffness, lameness, paralysis, etc. It is the Folded ear (Fd) gene that is responsible for the condition. All Scottish Folds, whether homozygous (from two Fold parents) or heterozygous (from a Fold parent and a straight-eared parent) are affected by this disease - the only thing still in question is the degree of severity of the lesions in heterozygous subjects. It is essential to ensure regular veterinary check-ups throughout your cat’s life to ensure they don’t suffer from related joint disorders
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a disease that affects both non-pedigree cats and official breeds, eventually heart failure. There is no genetic test for the Scottish Fold breed, but they can be screened via ultrasound examination, along with a Doppler test.
  • Polycystic kidney disease: a disease that causes the kidneys to be invaded by fluid-filled cysts, eventually causing incurable kidney failure. This condition is hereditary in the Persian, and likely to affect other breeds like the British and the Scottish Folds. The disease can be detected by a DNA test or kidney ultrasound.
  • Scottish Folds can also develop the same conditions as any other cat, such as oral diseases.

Fortpflanzung

Pairings between Scottish Folds are strictly forbidden due to the osteo-articular malformations caused by their Folded ear (Fd) gene. However, crosses between Scottish Fold and Scottish Straight (straight ears), British Shorthair and American Shorthair are allowed.

Gut zu wissen

Kittens of this breed are actually born with straight ears, and the folding develops later on, when they are about three weeks old.

Geschichte

The spontaneous mutation of the folded ear (Fd) gene, first appeared in 1961 in a white cat named Susie, who was discovered by William Ross on the McRaes farm in the Tayside area of ​​Scotland. A year later, Susie gave birth to a litter of kittens, two of which had folded ears. William and Mary Ross, who were breeders of British Shorthairs, kept the white female and started a breeding program with the help of a geneticist to try to reproduce the folded-ear phenotype, using British Shorthairs and farm cats. This proved a difficult task for a number of reasons, such as the fact that the fold took three weeks to appear, the articular malformations diagnosed in some individuals, and the deafness that appeared in others and was wrongly attributed to the Fold gene (Fd). This resulted in the non-recognition of the breed in the United Kingdom from 1971. Mary Ross sent several cats to the United States and the breeding of Scottish Folds developed there. The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) granted them official breed status in 1978.

Namen

Good names for a Scottish Fold cat: Clark, Indie, Sam, Yuki